Here are the first aid steps to take for major burns:
- Call for emergency medical assistance
If the burn is severe, call for emergency medical assistance immediately. Major burns can be life-threatening and require professional medical care.
2. Remove the source of the burn
If possible, remove the source of the burn, such as hot liquid, flames, or a hot object, to prevent further injury.
3. Stop the burning process
If the person’s clothing is on fire, instruct them to stop, drop, and roll to extinguish the flames. Use a fire blanket, towel, or any available non-flammable material to smother the flames.
4. Cool the burn
Immediately cool the burn with cold running water for at least 10 minutes. This can help reduce the severity of the burn and minimize tissue damage. Avoid using ice or very cold water, as it can further damage the skin.
First Aid Steps to Takes For Major Burns
5. Cover the burn
After cooling the burn, cover it with a clean, non-stick bandage or cloth to protect it from infection and to prevent further damage.
6. Elevate the injured area
If possible, elevate the injured area to help reduce swelling.
7. Monitor the person’s condition
Keep a close eye on the person’s breathing, consciousness, and overall condition. If the person is unconscious, not breathing, or experiencing severe pain, perform CPR or seek professional medical care immediately.
8. Do not break blisters
Do not attempt to break any blisters that may have formed on the burned skin, as they act as a natural barrier against infection.
9. Avoid home remedies
Avoid applying any home remedies such as butter, oil, or toothpaste to the burn, as they can make the injury worse.
10. Keep the person warm
If the person is in shock or experiencing a large burn, cover them with a clean, dry cloth or blanket to help keep them warm until medical help arrives.
Remember, major burns require immediate medical attention. These first aid steps are meant to provide initial care while waiting for professional medical help to arrive.