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Free CBC Grade 4 Exams 2022

  • Basketry is the making of baskets by weaving or braiding long slender pieces of material (as reed or sisals).
  • Basketry is a traditional craft practised by many communities.
  • It involves 
    • Weaving
    • Twining
    • Plaiting or sewing flexible fibres

 Identifying basketry traditional items

  • There are many items made using basketry technique
  • They include
    • Containers for storing grains and food
    • Items for decorative purpose
    • Household goods such as baskets, trays, furniture and baby cots.
  • In some communities, basketry technique is used to make houses, barns, granaries, chicken coops, fish traps and winnowing trays.

Materials needed for basketry

  • Materials can be natural or synthetic
  • Natural materials include
    • Thin flexible sticks
    • Plant roots
    • Vines
    • Variety of grass such as elephant grass
    • Banana fibres
    • Cane
    • Bamboo
    • Stem
    • Raffia 
    • Sisal
    • Palm leaves
    • Osier
    • Reeds
    • Rattan
    • Wattle sticks

Weaving a circular mat using the twinning technique

  • In twinning technique the wrap and two sets of wefts are used
  • Warp are the threads that form the framework of a woven item  The wefts are the threads which go over and under the wrap.
  • The wefts are twinned around the warp.

How to weave a circular mat using the twining technique

  • Collect the necessary materials need from your local environment

e.g. banana fibres, knives, reeds, sisal fibre, palm leaves

  • Prepare the fibres for weaving
  • Set up the warp in order to start weaving.

Done by arranging several fibres into a star shape

  • Tie the fibres at the centre

Pupil’s activity


Weaving a circular mat

  1. Cut the warp to the required size.
  2. Set the warp in a tar shapes
  3. Pick the weft and start twinning around the warp
  4. Continue weaving until you achieve the size you required.

Finishing and neatening the edges of a woven circular mat

  • To make the mat neat and prevent the weft and warp from coming off, you need to finish the edges neatly.
  • This is done either by stitching or binding.
  • First cut off the lose fibres and tuck in the warp then stitch or bind.
  • Stitching is done by using a thread and needle to stitch along the edges.
  • Binding is done by stitching a cloth around the edges of the circular mat.
  • You can also tuck in the warp in place and use other fibres to warp the edges          

Displaying circular woven items

Pupil’s activity

Page 50

Leatherwork: thronging technique

  • Leather is obtained from hides and skins of animals.
  • Large animals like cattle and others with hair give hides.
  • Smaller animals like young one of calves, goats give us skins.
  • Leather is used to make traditional items like musical instruments (drum), bags, hats, furniture, jewellery, sheaths.

Free CBC Grade 4 Exams 2022

Sources of leather

  1. Skins e.g from goat
  2. Hides e.g from cow

Leather items

  1. Drums
  2. Shields
  3. Hats
  4. Bags
  5. Masks

Collecting traditional leather items

You can collect hides or skin from the local environment.

Thronging technique

  • Before making an article from leather, a design should be laid out and the different pieces cut out carefully.
  • The various pieces are then joined together either by gluing or sewing.
  • Articles can also be stitched together using strips of leather called thongs.
  • The technique of joining two or more pieces of leather using thongs for lacing when making an article is referred to as thonging

Making drums using thronging technique

Pupil’s activity

Page 53-57

 Materials need to make a simple drum

  1. Leather material
  2. Cutting tools such as a pair of scissors, knives or blades
  3. Old containers such as buckets, tins or hollow wood
  4. Marking tools
  5. Mallets
  6. Hammer
  7. Rulers.

Identifying thongs on drums

  • Every community has their own unique way of constructing the drum.
  • Some drums are covered with a membrane on the top side and others on both top and bottom.
  • The membrane on top or bottom of the drum can be attached by lacing using thongs.
  • The internal shape of every drum is what gives it the quality of sound produced.
  • Drum produce sound by beating.

How to cut thongs

  • Thongs should be stretchable as possible
  • The best way to cut thongs is either diagonally or in a circular way if the piece of lather available can allow.
  • By cutting this way the thong will not be cut easily when stretched during  lacing.
    • Look for old leather item
    • Cut out a big piece from the item
    • Lay your piece of leather on a flat surface
    • Measure the size of the thong needed and mark using a pen
    • Using a pair of scissors, cut the strips as accurate as possible.

Process of making a drum

  1. Cut out leather pieces so that they are slightly wider than the container for making the resonator of the drum.
  2. Make similar number of holes on the cut out leather for the top and bottom pieces
  3. Cut out the thongs for joining the top and bottom pieces of leather.
  4. Place the cut out leather at the top and bottom
  5. Use the thongs to lace the pieces of leather firmly in place.

Pupil’s activity

Page 57

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