Painting and Collage
- Colours are classified into the following categories
Primary colours – these are pure colours that are mixed to obtain other colours. They include red, blue and yellow.
- Secondary colours – they are colours obtained when you mix two primary colours in equal proportional.
- Tertiary colours – they are colours obtained when you mix a primary and a secondary colour in equal proportion. They are also called intermediate colours.
- Colour Wheel – a chart showing the primary, secondary and tertiary colours.
- Colours are graded using black and white and colour toning will help in the mixing of colour to get the best.
How to draw and paint on a colour wheel
- Draw a circular shape using a pair of compass or a protractor and pencil.
- Divide the circle into twelve parts as shown. Label the parts so that you can identify which part to paint a specific colour as shown.
- Paint the primary colours on the places marked red, blue and yellow on the colour wheel.
- Mix two primary colours in equal amounts to obtain a secondary colour and paint on the sections marked green, orange and violet on the colour wheel.
- Mix a primary colour and secondary colour in equal amounts to obtain a tertiary colour and paint on the sections marked red-orange, red-violet, blue-violet, blue- green, yellow-orange and yellow-green.
- Montage is a technique used in creating an image by pasting pictures. In this method it involves cutting photographs, sorting and pasting them on a surface to create a composite image.
- Collage – is a technique of creating pictures by pasting different materials on a surface to create a pictorial composition.
- This method involves pasting which is the act of sticking objects on a surface using glue to create the collage.
- The objects are stuck together using adhesives such as glue.
- Materials for collage should be improvised as much as possible and re-used to avoid wastage.
Making mixed media collage landscape composition Collecting and preparing materials.
- Collect the materials and tools for their project from their local environment as follows.
- Stiff support surface e.g. plywood, cardboard, carton box that will carry the weight of the materials.
- Adhesives like office glue or plant glue. It should be strong enough to hold the materials in place.
- Assorted materials e.g. leaves, grass, sand, tree barks and inedible seeds
- Cut and sort the materials according to size and type.
Making the collage pictorial composition
- Draw the landscape composition on paper. Outline of the landscape showing the main features like trees, sky, houses and anything else of interest.
- Identify and mark the areas they want to paste each material on the sketched composition.
- Cut and arrange the materials in the marked areas to check how they fit.
- Remove the materials and using a brush, apply glue in sections of the cardboard. Paste the cut materials on the cardboard. Continue pasting until the surface is covered.
- Leave the work to dry then paint over some parts if they desire.